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ICOP & ICPET 2018, 24 - : 825-828 Back to browse issues page
Circuit Model of Parity-Time (PT ) Symmetric Waveguide Arrays
Elnaz Pilehvar * 1, Mohammad Kazem Moravvej-Farshi 1, Hamidreza Ramezani 2
1- Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Advanced Devices Simulation Lab (ADSL), Tarbiat Modares University
2- Department of Physics, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA
Abstract:   (158 Views)
A circuit model is proposed for determining the characteristic modes (eigenvalues) of a periodic array of PT-symmetric (gain/loss coupled) waveguides. This model consists of a pair of coupled LC circuits, one with amplification resistance -R and the other with an equivalent attenuation. The band structure consists of two bands separated by a gap that depends on the value of the gain/loss (γ). In other words, one can control the size of bandgap and hence the allowed modes propagating within the PT array. For a critical value of gain/loss or (γ=γPT), the eigenvalues merge and the gap disappears. The corresponding results are in good agreement with the optical model results. The significance of this design lies with its tunability, high speed, and relative simplicity.
Keywords: Parity-Time (PT ) Symmetry, Optical Waveguides, RLC Circuit Model.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
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Pilehvar E, Moravvej-Farshi M K, Ramezani H. Circuit Model of Parity-Time (PT ) Symmetric Waveguide Arrays. ICOP & ICPET. 2018; 24 :825-828
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انجمن اپتیک و فوتونیک ایران Optics and Photonics Society of Iran
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